[zeromq-dev] source material for TIBCO to ØMQ migration

Steven McCoy steven.mccoy at miru.hk
Mon Jan 3 14:15:59 CET 2011

I'm working through messaging pattern examples for TIB (MSA), Rendezvous 5,
TIB/Rendezvous 6/7/8, and ØMQ.  Every framework unsurprisingly doesn't
support all combinations but I'm working from what is available on the TIBCO
side, i.e. leveraging location transparency and no single point of failure.

   1. *Broadcast Publish-Subscribe*, dependent upon an underlying broadcast
   transport, i.e. PGM/IP or PGM/UDP.  TCP being fundamentally flawed due to
   requiring a fixed endpoint.
   2. *Broadcast Request-Reply*, the server and client possess location
   independence but multiple running servers would yield multiple responses as
   each receivers the clients query.
   3. *Unicast Publish-Subscribe*, feeding from one node to another
   requiring at least one temporally fixed address and introducing a point of
   faliure.  Analogous to ØMQ using a TCP transport with PUB/SUB sockets.
   4. *Unicast Request-Reply*, requiring both sides to possess temporally
   fixed addressing and hence two points of failure.  Analogous to REQ/REP
   sockets in ØMQ.
   5. *Fault-Tolerant Request-Reply*, extending the *broadcast
   publish-subscribe* model by implementing fail-over fault-tolerance in the
   server side.
   6. *Certified Publish-Subscribe*, using a ledger publish side and
   subscriber side in order to track receivers and state of confirmed messages.
   7. *Certified Request-Reply*, extending ledger usage for client-to-server
   and server-to-client response.  Note TIBCO Rendezvous has a well known flaw
   with tracing certified unicast responses causing the ledger not to be
   8. *Distributed Request-Reply*, combining certified and fault-tolerant
   messaging a distributed group of servers is created using fault-tolerance to
   elect a scheduler which uses certified message to dispatch messages to
   application workers.  Failure of the scheduler is a point of failure causing
   dropped messages.  Matches ØMQ's PUSH/PULL sockets that implement a
   load-sharing group of receivers, however ØMQ still requires a temporally
   fixed endpoint address.
   9. *Certified Distributed Request-Reply*, adding certified messaging from
   the client through to the application worker.  Failure of the scheduler
   defers recovery to the client ledger.  When configured with a memory ledger
   is functionally equivalent to disk spooled ØMQ PUSH/PULL sockets with
   fixed identities, however common configuration is a disk ledger which can
   continue message delivery independent of client and server restarts.  If the
   application crashes the ledger will be corrupted and therefore applications
   must use an external transaction manager to implement guaranteed once-only
   delivery.  Note that ØMQ has a major issue that messages delivered to the
   receiver but not processed by the application will be lost upon failure,
   only undelivered messages are held in queue.

Not sure how all of this is going to be organised, but an FYI anyhow and
someone can point out any incorrect understanding of ØMQ sockets.

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